Working ourselves back from insanity
October 26, 2011
This news story could be titled: “Working ourselves back from insanity.”
The oldest, biggest and most powerful nuclear bomb in the US arsenal has been dismantled, closing a chapter in Cold War history.
9:22AM BST 26 Oct 2011
The last B-53 bomb – built in 1962, the year of the Cuban missile crisis – was dismantled at the Pantex facility in Amarillo, the only place in the United States that still builds, maintains and dismantles nuclear weapons.
Grey in colour, weighing 10,000 pounds (4,500 kilograms) and as big as a small car, it had the power to wipe out an entire metropolitan area with its nine-megaton yield when dropped from a B-52 bomber.
By comparison, the atom bomb that destroyed the Japanese city of Hiroshima in the final days of World War II packed a yield of 12 kilotons, or 0.012 megatons. The bomb killed more than 100,000 people.
“It’s significant in the sense that it’s the last of these multi-megaton weapons that the nuclear powers used to build during the height of the Cold War,” said Hans Kirstensen of the Federation of American Scientists. “This is the end of the era of these monster weapons.”
Dismantling the B-53 bomb – retired from service in 1997 – involved separating 300 pounds of high explosive from the uranium “pit” at the heart of the weapon, Pantex spokesman Greg Cunningham said.
“The world is a safer place with this dismantlement,” Thomas D’Agostino, director of the National Nuclear Security Administration, said in a Pantex statement.
Last May, the United States revealed for the first time the actual size of its nuclear stockpile – a total of 5,113 warheads as of September 30, 2009, the Pentagon announced.
That figure – a 75 per cent reduction from 1989 when the Berlin Wall fell – included active warheads ready for deployment at short notice, as well as “inactive” warheads maintained at a depot in a “non-operational status.”
Under a new strategic arms limitation treaty (START) treaty, agreed in April last year, the United States and Russia – which hold nearly all nuclear weapons – pledged to reduce their arsenals to 1,550 warheads each.
The B-53 bomb was so big that a B-52 bomber could only carry two of them. Each was fitted with parachutes to control their descent, according to videos made public by the National Nuclear Safety Administration.
The most powerful US warheads today yield around 1.2 megatons, fitted onto guided missiles.
It was replaced by the B-61 bomb, a mid-1960s design with a variable yield of up to 340 kilotons, the website said.